How to Perform First Aid on Someone with a Cut or Bruise
Cuts and grazes are common injuries that can usually be treated at home. A plaster is generally all that is required, and the wound will heal by itself in a few days.
What to do
Follow the steps below:
Clean the wound by rinsing it under running water or using sterile wipes.
Pat the wound dry using a gauze swab and cover it with a sterile gauze. If you don't have these, use a clean, non-fluffy cloth, like a tea towel.
For a cut, raise and support the injured part above the level of the heart. Avoiding touching the wound.
Clean around the wound with soap and water. Make sure you are wiping away from the wound, using a clean swab for each stroke. Pat dry. Remove the cloth or gauze covering the wound and apply a sterile dressing or a large plaster.
Seek medical help if:
- A wound won't stop bleeding.
- A foreighn object is embedded in the wound - liek a splinter of wood or glass.
- The wound is from a human or animal bite.
- You think the wound might be infected.
- You are unsure whether the casualty has been immunised against tetanus.