Injuries to the soft structure around the bones and joints are commonly called strains and sprains. They are often associated with sports activities. 

What to look for

  • pain and tenderness 
  • swelling and bruising
  • difficulty moving the injured area, especially if it’s a joint

What to do 

Sprains and strains should be treated initially by following the RICE procedure.

Step 1

R – Rest the injured part. Help them to sit or lie down and support the injured part in a comfortable position, raised if possible. 

Step 2 

I – Apply a cold compress or an Ice pack.

Step 3 

C – Comfortable support. 

Step 4

E – Elevate the injured part if possible. Advise the casualty to get medical advice, if necessary.

Train with us

Learn more first aid with us on one of our training courses.

Donate Volunteer